In this article, part of the Military Pscyhology Journal Special Issue, leadership of distributed teams is discussed. A key aspect of leadership effectiveness across geographical distance, and with regard to leadership in general, is communication. However, researchers are only beginning to empirically explore the communicative aspects and constitution of military units and leadership in these contexts. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to highlight features of communication and communicative processes in studies of distributed military units, particularly in those which examine leadership. We discuss aspects of military leadership in particular need of a communicative lens, including the communication of command intent, sensemaking, and leading across multiple cultures. Furthermore, we provide future research directions for each of these aspects and discuss general research needs that must be addressed to further advance our understanding of the inextricable relationship between leadership and communication in distributed contexts.