As a part of the Military Psychology Journal Special Issue, this article highlights research representative of where U.S. Army leadership has been and where it is going. The reviewed research is organized into four categories:

  • Conceptualization of leadership
  • Leader development
  • Measurement
  • Situational leadership

The conceptualization of leadership in the Army has evolved from a job analysis approach to a competency approach. Parallel to the evolution of how leadership is conceptualized, how leadership is measured has shifted from a focus on cognitive abilities to greater emphasis on interpersonal competencies. Of the four categories, leader development is perhaps undergoing the most significant changes currently to prepare leaders for the full spectrum of operations. Finally, there is growing interest in how leadership does and should change, depending on the situation. Directions for future research are also discussed.

Authored By

  • Christina Curnow

    Vice PresidentICF International

    Dr. Christina Curnow is the director of ICF's Workforce Research Center. Dr. Curnow has more than 15 years of experience conducting research and evaluations related to workforce issues, and she uses this expertise to provide organizations with actionable, innovative, and data-driven solutions to their workforce challenges. Specifically, she has experience related to training (live and virtual) research and evaluation, test development and validation competency model development and job analysis, and performance measurement and assessment of individual differences. In this capacity, she has worked with U.S. federal agencies, the U.S. military, state governments, and local governments.

    Dr. Curnow has both management and technical experience and has contributed technical expertise, oversight, and project and task management on projects valued up to $20M, within both quick turnaround and long-term research program contexts. Dr. Curnow’s research has been published in peer-reviewed journals and books, as well as presented at national conferences. For example, Dr. Curnow co-authored an article in a peer-reviewed journal on the professionalization of occupations, which tracks how new and emerging jobs evolve and transform. She also co-authored a book chapter on the use of training and experience measures for employee selection. Finally, she recently co-authored a book chapter about user interface design, task analysis, and virtual training. She holds a Ph.D. in Industrial and Organizational Psychology from the George Washington University.

Insight Details

Published: Dec 1, 2011
Authors: , Heidi Keller-Glaze (ICF International) and Jon Fallesen (Center for Army Leadership)
Source: Taylor and Francis Online for the Military Psychology Journal

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