ICF International worked with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Research and Development and Climate Ready Estuaries (CRE) Partners to assess vulnerabilities for the Massachusetts Bays Program (MBP) and the San Francisco Estuary Partnership (SFEP). These assessments involved several key activities, including:
- Determining key management goals
- Identifying associated ecosystem processes integral to those goals
- Developing conceptual models linking those ecosystem processes with climate drivers, current stressors of concern, and endpoints
- Defining baselines and observed climate change impacts
- Projecting climate change impacts
- Assessing vulnerabilities of ecosystem processes
ICF assisted in organizing meetings with local experts and key stakeholders for both MBP and SFEP and developed conceptual models for each estuary focused on climate change impacts on salt marshes and the ecosystem process of sediment retention. ICF organized expert elicitation workshops with local experts and key stakeholders for both estuaries to gather qualitative information to analyze climate change impacts and adaptation implications for two ecosystem process models.
This project assisted the two estuaries in assessing observed and likely future climate change impacts and vulnerabilities at the local scale, which will be used to develop assessment process guidelines and lessons learned to share with other estuaries.
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