ICF International supported the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in the development of this Synthesis and Assessment Product (SAP) for the U.S. Climate Change Science Program (CCSP). SAP 4.4 provides an authoritative, national-scale assessment of the current state of knowledge regarding climate change impacts and adaptation options for climate sensitive ecosystems. SAP 4.4 has two primary goals:
- To review available information about known or potential adaptation options for responding to climate variability and change
- To identify the characteristics of ecosystems and adaptation responses that promote successful implementation and meet resource managers' needs
Six resource areas were chosen as the focus of investigations into management, climate response, and adaptation: national forests, national parks, national wildlife refuges, wild and scenic rivers, national estuaries, and marine protected areas. These six resource areas correspond to chapters in SAP 4.4.
ICF supported all aspects of this project, including conducting an extensive literature review (more than 3,000 references were reviewed or cited); identifying and analyzing key climate change impacts and adaptation options; technical editing; synthesizing findings; substantive reviews; geographical information systems (GIS) map development; graphics coordination; and planning, organizing, and assisting in facilitating six 3-day stakeholder workshops corresponding to the six resource areas as well as the synthesis chapter workshop.
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