Transportation agencies nationwide are under pressure to do their part in helping America address a wider range of transportation issues than ever before. Many of these issues extend beyond traditional state department of transportation (DOT) activities and span of control. There is an interconnection between transportation and land use that the public and local decision makers do not often see. Yet, the public frequently holds DOTs responsible for solving transportation problems resulting from local and regional land use decisions and preferred development patterns.
The objective of this research is to identify and explore successful innovations in integration of transportation and land use planning for transportation corridors, focusing on practices that could be transferred to other locations. A case study approach was used to identify projects that integrated land use and transportation planning and decision-making, rather than projects that merely linked transportation and land use planning. This paper summarizes six case studies:
- The Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning, IL;
- Envision Utah and the Mountain View Environmental Impact Statement (EIS), UT;
- Gateway Route 1, ME;
- NJFIT: Future in Transportation program, NJ;
- UnJAM 2025 and Places29, VA; and
- MetroVision and Blueprint Denver, CO.
It also analyzes notable practices and lessons learned, highlighting common themes within the case studies as a whole.
Kathleen Rooney has more than five years’ experience in livability and smart growth, transportation demand management (TDM), and transportation planning policies and programs. She manages the creation of a strategic framework for TDM for the New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT).
She was one of the authors of Federal Highway Administration/Federal Transit Administration’s (FHWA/FTA) Livability in Transportation Guidebook. She is working with FHWA to identify the next steps to help support livability nationwide.