This article presented by ICF continues our series of quarterly updates of important endangered species actions by the U.S. Federal Government. Two agencies have authority to administer the Endangered Species Act (ESA): the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS). NMFS administers the ESA for marine species and anadromous fish—fish that spend part of their life in the ocean and part in fresh water. USFWS administers the ESA for all other species, including freshwater fish. From January through March 2011, as summarized below, USFWS and NMFS only took one notable action related to species protections under the Endangered Species Act and other laws. There were several policy-related actions taken by USFWS that is also summarized, as well as two court decisions of note.
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