ICF Environment Cultural Resources

Cultural Resources

ICF International applies extensive environmental and field experience to clients’ cultural resource management and investigation challenges.



ICF helps environmental planners take into account the complex interplay of regulations affecting archaeological and historic sites and assists with all aspects of investigations, including inventory development, evaluation, project planning, and management. 

We have developed long-term, productive relationships with various stakeholder groups, including U.S. federal, state, and local government agencies, as well as private-sector firms. We also have an extensive history of supporting U.S. tribal nations.

ICF offers in-house expertise in areas such as prehistoric archeology field work, mitigation planning, and compliance with regulations, including:

  • U.S. National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)
  • U.S. National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA)
  • U.S. Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA)
  • State regulatory compliance requirements

ICF also uses our skills in public education and outreach to help clients implement cultural resource mitigation initiatives, such as public-benefit programs. These services include:

  • Interpretive display design
  • Publication preparation
  • Historic resource video preparation
  • Photographic documentation

Featured Resources

  • All aspects of cultural resource management—ICF’s staff consists of Secretary of the Interior-qualified archaeologists, ethnographers, historians, and architectural historians, which affords our team the experience and academic expertise to fully analyze cultural resources, handle the interplay of multiple regulatory contexts, and project impacts for a wide range of projects.
  • Regulatory compliance—ICF delivers sensible, appropriate management solutions to meet the requirements and nuances of all phases of Section 106 of NHPA, NEPA, and state and local government environmental regulations.
  • Prehistoric and historic archaeology—ICF’s archaeologists provide full-service identification, evaluation, and mitigation of prehistoric and historical archaeological resources. We provide survey, testing, and evaluation of archaeological sites, research designs, treatment plans, completion of data recovery excavations at significant archaeological sites, artifact analysis, and curation of artifact collections.
  • Tribal resources—ICF professionals have long-term working relationships with tribal nations across the United States. We conduct advanced consultation in relation to resources important to Native Americans, including multiple burials and traditional cultural properties, and are experienced in conducting work in compliance with NAGPRA.
  • History and architectural history—ICF’s services include special history studies, administrative history reports, historic structure reports, archival research, Historic American Buildings Survey/Historic American Engineering Record documentation, design guidelines development, feasibility studies, and preservation zones identification. We assess the effects of proposed undertakings on resources eligible for or listed in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP), as well as development and implementation of mitigation measures for NRHP properties that will be adversely affected by a proposed undertaking.
  • California Department of Parks and Recreation
  • California  Department of Transportation (Caltrans)
  • Developers
  • Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
  • Florida Power and Light
  • Iberdrola Renewables
  • Invenergy LLC
  • J. Paul Getty Trust, Getty Conservation Institute
  • Landowners
  • Pacific Gas and Electric
  • Ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach, California
  • Southern California Edison
  • Southern Nevada Water Authority
  • State and Local Governments across the West
  • Surface Transportation Board
  • U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
    • Forest Service
  • U.S. Department of Defense (DoD)
    • Army Corps of Engineers
  • U.S. Department of Interior
    • Bureau of Land Management (BLM)
    • Bureau of Reclamation (USBR)
  • U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT)
    • Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
    • Federal Transit Administration
  • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
  • U.S. General Services Administration (GSA)
  • Utah Department of Transportation (UDOT)
  • Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT)
  • Project

    Cultural Resources Studies for the Kelso to Martins Bluff Rail

    ICF conducted a cultural resources survey of 17 miles of proposed railroad easement along an existing rail corridor. More than 60 historic properties were identified within the project’s Area of Potential Effects (APE).

  • Project

    McNary-John Day Transmission Line Cultural Resources Assessment

    ICF conducted field surveys for cultural resources for BPA’s 75-mile, 500 kV electric transmission line along the Columbia River. A total of 14 archaeological sites and another dozen isolated finds were recorded and mapped using GPS.

  • Project

    Cultural Resources Support for Southern California Edison

    ICF cultural resources staff members provide as-needed cultural resources support related to electricity circuit pole replacements, line extensions, line relocations, reconductoring, undergrounding, and substation construction throughout California.

  • Project

    Environmental Program Support Services for DOD's Missile Defense Agency

    ICF is currently supporting the Department of Defense (DOD) Missile Defense Agency (MDA) environmental program. ICF prepares NEPA documents, noise analyses, and permit applications and supports the development of policy, directives, and strategies for environmental compliance, including MDA’s environmental management system (EMS).

  • Project

    Owens Lake Dust Mitigation Program

    ICF was retained to become part of the team of environmental, engineering, and construction professionals responsible for implementing air pollution control measures at Owens Lake. ICF’s role was to provide full-time cultural resources expertise.

  • Project

    Doyle Drive Rebuild Project

    For the last 11 years, ICF has managed the cultural resources program for the Doyle Drive rebuild project, a highly controversial, 1.5-mile corridor along the southern approach to the Golden Gate Bridge though the Presidio of San Francisco, a National Historic Landmark.

  • Project

    NRHP Nominations for Federal Buildings, Courthouses, Post Offices, Customhouses, and Border Inspection Stations

    At the request of the GSA, ICF’s architectural historians have prepared individual nominations to the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) for federal buildings, courthouses, post offices, and customhouses across the United States.

  • Project

    California Army National Guard

    ICF prepared the historical context statement for California’s armories, including a national context, a state socio-political context, a state construction history context, and focused contexts for pre-World War II armory construction and post-World War II armory construction.

  • Project

    Rural Conventional Highways Cultural Resources Inventory for District 7

    ICF completed surveys of prehistoric and historical archaeology, historic resources, and ethnographic resources for a newly created statewide geographic information systems (GIS) database used by Caltrans to manage road improvement projects.

  • Project

    Data Recovery Excavations for the Howard Hanson Dam Additional Water Storage Project

    ICF conducted an archaeological data recovery and excavation at four prehistoric sites discovered during preliminary Section 106 compliance work behind the Howard A. Hanson Dam. During low-water regimes at the reservoir, several archaeological sites were discovered during preliminary Section 106 compliance work.

  • Project

    Edwards Air Force Base, CA

    In compliance with Sections 106 and 110 of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA), ICF has conducted numerous cultural resources studies at Edwards Air Force Base, California. Edwards Air Force Base is located in close proximity to Rogers and Rosamond dry lakebeds and has a high degree of both prehistoric and historic archaeological sensitivity.

  • Project

    Sacramento Railyards, Sacramento Intermodal Facility, and State Railroad Museum

    ICF has been involved in three closely related projects, all located within the former Southern Pacific Railyards and Depot: Historic American Building Survey recordation of the Depot, development of design guidelines for rehabilitation of the depot, and condition assessments for nearby historic buildings.

  • Project

    Vantage Wind Farm Energy Project SEPA and Cultural Surveys

    ICF conducted a cultural resources investigation, State Environmental Policy Act (SEPA) survey, and technical report for Invenergy’s Vantage Wind Project. The project, to be the first permitted under Kittitas County’s Wind Overlay Zone ordinance, aims to construct approximately 55 turbines on the site.

  • Project

    Environmental Program Support Services for FAA's Office of Commercial Space Transportation

    ICF assists FAA in completing the NEPA analyses required for licenses and permits for commercial space launch operations; complying with special purpose laws related to NEPA; developing NEPA analysis tools; and supporting the office’s environmental management system (EMS).

Contact Info

info at icfi dot com

+1.703.934.3603 or +1.800.532.4783

9300 Lee Highway, Fairfax, VA 22031-1207 USA

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