Economic + Financial Analysis

ICF International provides economic and financial analysis to public and private organizations seeking to assess policies and programs, understand a market, or improve competitive position. Our three guiding principles are to use the best staff, achieve the highest quality, and exceed client expectations.



Clients turn repeatedly to ICF for our innovative economic analysis, real-world grounding, and demonstrated ability to deliver useful and timely results. Our seasoned experts use cutting-edge tools and methods in our analyses to help clients craft practical solutions to complex issues. Our interdisciplinary teams of economists, business analysts, policy analysts, and subject matter experts provide the following services across all markets served by ICF:

  • Cost-Benefit Analysis—ICF has conducted cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness analyses for dozens of clients in many domains, including climate change, energy, environment, homeland security, workforce, and transportation. We excel at quantifying benefits and costs that fall outside the bounds of typical market activity and are not readily expressed in monetary terms.
  • Economic Impact Modeling—ICF specializes in estimating the economic impacts of policies and programs on economic activity. We select from regional economic impact models such as IMPLAN®, REMI®, or Economic Modeling Specialists, Inc. (EMSI), based on the best fit for the analysis at hand. Economic impact modeling is especially useful for analyzing the regional or national job creation and tax revenue effect of an investment in activities such as renewable energy and infrastructure construction, or even the potential damages from terrorist attacks.
  • Cap and Trade Policy Analysis—ICF has unparalleled expertise in designing and analyzing market-based cap-and-trade air pollution policies and regulations. For more than 20 years, we have supported the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as it expanded from exploratory emission trading programs for trucks to the highly successful cap-and-trade program to decrease acid rain to recent multipollutant programs. We also support market-based international programs to cut greenhouse gases and ozone-depleting chemicals.
  • Econometric and Statistical Analysis—ICF offers state-of-the-art statistical and econometric capabilities for projects that involve modeling the functional relationship between multiple variables. We specialize in advanced statistical and econometric methods, including linear and nonlinear regression analysis, discrete choice modeling, and simulation-based methods.
  • Non-market Valuation—ICF excels at estimating the monetary value of goods and services that are not bought or sold in a market. We specialize in non-market valuation methods, such as measuring the public's willingness to pay for goods or services.
  • Economic Development and Competitiveness Strategies—ICF helps metropolitan areas and regions assess and enhance their "sustainable prosperity." We analyze the community's competitive position in a given industry or industry cluster, develop strategies to attract businesses, and formulate comprehensive economic development plans.
  • Risk and Uncertainty Analysis—ICF specializes in performing Monte Carlo simulations and other kinds of sensitivity analysis to estimate the effects of uncertainty and risk on business and policy options. ICF economists are experienced in applying state-of-the-art tools, such as @Risk and Crystal Ball, and in creating econometric and spreadsheet models that use uncertain input values and produce outcomes with easily interpretable results.
  • Financial Analysis and Small Entity Impacts—ICF evaluates financial trends and models future financial performance of individual firms, including small entities, by looking at cash flows, financial ratios, size measures, and business risks. We design financial tests to evaluate the fiscal health of businesses, local governments, hospitals, and universities.
  • Market Profiling—ICF profiles market sectors by analyzing detailed information on industry structure (such as number and size of firms and regional coverage), markets and competition, labor force, financial performance, regulatory environment, and technological trends.


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9300 Lee Highway, Fairfax, VA.